BeijijngIn May 2018 the first China-Europe Symposium, jointly organised by the BBDiag consortium and its Chinese partner, was successfully held in Beijing, China. The Joint Beijing Symposium is one of the events within the network with an international dimension and with an aim to promote research collaboration with China in early Alzheimer’s Disease diagnostic technology. The symposium was attended by over 50 researchers in the field from China, Europe and the rest of the world.  Ten BBDiag Early Stage Researchers, some supervisors and Project Coordinator Professor Genhua Pan travelled to Beijing to deliver talks on their research topics and discuss their findings. Some ESRs who could not attend the symposium in person had given their talks via Skype. Local organizer Prof. Yi Tang from Xuan Wu Hospital organised for experts from China and Hong Kong to attend and deliver talks on the advancements and research they have made in early diagnostics for AD and also students from the Xuan Wu Hospital.

The event was opened with a talk by the highly esteemed Prof. Jianping Jia of Xuan Wu Hospital Capital Medical Hospital. Over the next two days subject specific talks were delivered by invited experts in the field of AD diagnosis and biomarkers, BBDiag ESR’s and PI’s.  These talks sparked and encouraged fruitful discussions amongst the audience and experts, raised interesting and challenging points with prospects for future collaborations.

Prof Yi Tang also organised and hosted a wonderful welcome meal, which allowed all attendees the opportunity to continue their fruitful conversations.

Finally, the ESR’s and PI’s after an informative and constructive two day symposium had a once in a life time experience and visited the Great Wall of China, one of the seven wonders of the world!


The first BBDiag residential workshop titled “Multidisciplinary foundation courses for Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) diagnosis” took place on 11th – 15th September 2017. Nine recruited Early Stage Researchers (ESRs) and all the supervisors met at the beautiful bay campus of Swansea University, Wales, UK. Three more ESRs who have been appointed but unable to attend also joined the workshop online.

On the first day of workshop, the Vice Chancellor of the University, Professor Richard B. Davies, delivered the opening statement. In his welcoming speech to the ESRs, he highlighted the importance of interdisciplinary cooperation and scientific enthusiasm of young researchers in pursuit of innovative endeavors.

Over the next four days, fourteen subject-specific talks were delivered by the Principal Investigators (PIs) and invited experts in the field of AD diagnosis and biomarkers. The talks sparked the interest of the audience, and there was an active discussion between among the ESRs and PIs. The discussion and the interactions were aimed to provide the ESRs with a common ground for their future research and synergy.

Besides the experienced supervisors, ESRs gave a 10-minute presentation introducing their role in BBDiag project. In addition to the scientific content, the workshop agenda included a few soft-skills talks intended to enhance ESRs’ academic development and employability.

On Friday, 15th of September the ESRs had an opportunity to attend a hands-on lab session in the Centre for Nano Health at the College of Engineering, Swansea University. During the visit of this unique facility, the researchers demonstrated device fabrication and cleanroom semiconductor processing to the ESRs followed by a question-answer session at the end of the tour.

The whole group, ESRs, PIs and invited experts had an opportunity to extend their conversations over regular meals. This, together with the intensive workshop program, gave the newly recruited fellows plenty of room for the ideas exchange on prospective blood biomarkers of AD.

How to Start a History Essay

Every section of your essay is important, but the most important one is your introduction. Often, a majority of readers make the ultimate decision of either continuing to read an article or leave it completely after they have read the introduction. Therefore, your introduction says a lot about what is to come later and hence the need to make it as interesting as possible. History essays can give you a headache especially if you are trying to make it interesting. Some of the questions people ask themselves while writing history essays include: How does one make a history essay interesting in the first place? Is this possible and will you need to replace some historical facts with some anecdotes? It is indeed challenging but not impossible. There are indeed several ways one can make their introduction interesting without altering any facts or making use of unnecessary anecdotes. If you are honest enough, you will admit that you have once or twice dismissed an article you were reading simply because you found it boring. Therefore, do not let your essay be dismissed by your classmates or your instructor immediately they finish reading your first paragraph.

Consider the following tips from essay basics when you start writing a history essay:

  • Start with an interesting or inspiring quote. The truth is, there are thousands of people all over the world who have said interesting things which will give your history paper a strong start. Therefore, research some of the famous or not so famous quotes which can help to supplement your essay’s thesis statement. While some people go for the common quotes, you can choose to be unique and choose a rare quote. It will not only capture the attention of your readers but also show them that you did extensive research.
  • You can also start with a shocking or an uncommon statistic. This is all dependent on the type of research you have done. If you have conducted extensive research, you will indeed find it easy to include a shocking statistic in your introduction. Readers will indeed be intrigued and want to read your paper after you convince them that you have done extensive research.
  • Use a question in your introduction. A question always makes things intriguing when used to start an essay. Therefore, make use of this knowledge and use one in your history essay.
  • Begin with a concession. Starting an essay with a concession does not necessarily mean you are admitting defeat and that you have failed in your quest to support your argument. It only means that you trust in your argument to the point where you are willing to engage the opposing thoughts and refute them decisively.

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